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Monkeypox Animal Surveillance in Bayelsa State

AFENET collaborated with the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Bayelsa State Ministry of Agriculture, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and the US CDC to conduct a survey on monkeypox in Bayelsa State. This is part of an animal surveillance project for monkeypox and other zoonotic viruses.

The study aimed to ascertain Monkeypox virus prevalence in small mammals as the human-animal interface and to provide epidemiological guidance.

The seven-day study had field work conducted around housing settlements and two forest reserves in the state. 

A total of 47 small mammals were captured dead or alive with the aid of traps set at the various sentinel sites in the state. Relevant organ and tissue samples were harvested from these animals under strict biosafety standard protocols, appropriately stored at the required temperature, and have been transported to the Viral laboratory section at the NVRI, Vom for diagnostic testing.

Monkeypox is a rare disease that is caused by infection with monkeypox virus. Transmission of monkeypox virus occurs when a person comes in contact with the virus from an animal, human, or materials contaminated with the virus. The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if not visible), respiratory tract, or the mucous membranes.